The Role of the Nurse In Pain Management

The nurse as a member of the health team, has a unique role to play in effective pain management. They include

  •     Assessing pain at regular intervals
  • ·         Reporting the patient’s level of pain
  • ·         Developing the patient’s plan of care
  • ·         Implementing pain management strategies and indicated nursing interventions including aggressive treatment of side effects (i.e. nausea, vomiting, constipation, pruritus etc),
  • ·         Educating the patient, family and significant other(s) regarding,
*      Their role in pain management,
*      The detrimental effects of unrelieved pain,
*      Overcoming barriers to effective pain management,
*      The pain management plan and expected outcome of the plan;.
  • ·         Evaluating the effectiveness of the strategies and the nursing interventions;
  • ·         Documenting and reporting the interventions, patient’s response, outcomes; and
  • ·         Advocating for the patient and family for effective pain management

Written By Prince Assandoh-Mensah (RN, BSN- CHN, Clinical Nurse)

REFERENCES

American Pain Society.(2016) Guidelines on the management of post-operative pain. The Journal of Pain, Vol 17, No 2 (February), 2016: pp 131-157 retrieved on 18th October, 2017 from http://www.jpain.org/article/S1526-5900(15)00995-5/fulltext 
Human Right Watch.(2016). Global State of Pain Treatment, Access to Palliative Care as a Human Right.retrieved  on 20th October, 2017 from https://www.hrw.org/sites/default/files/reports/hhr0511W.pdf 
Maryland Board of Nursing. Pain Management Nursing Role/Core Competency A Guide for Nurses. http://www.painpolicy.wisc.edu/sites/www.painpolicy.wisc.edu/files/MD_nursing.pdf 

Hinkle, J. L. (2014). Brunner &Suddarth’s textbook of medical-surgical nursing (Edition 13.). Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott

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